How to Start a Biscuit Making Business with Small Scale

An average morning in any home will not be complete without a cup of piping hot tea or coffee. But you need something to go with it. Biscuits and cookies will partner perfectly with a cup of hot beverage. When there is such a high demand for biscuits, then you can reap a significant benefit by starting a small scale or homemade biscuit venture.


Market Potential


The biscuit making business has a huge potential market; biscuits are almost consumed in every home on a daily basis. The demand for biscuits is always high in every class of people whether it is urban or ruler biscuits have got equal demand.


Biscuits market is all about planning and strategy for promoting and sell of biscuit, it is an industry that required innovative packaging, new flavors, some innovative and unique ideas and of course health conscious ingredient.




In starting the biscuit making business, you will need to register your business first. Apart from the proprietorship operation, you have to register with the state ROC as LLP or Pvt. Ltd or Ltd. company. Only after getting the registration, you can apply for the necessary permissions and licenses. Apply for the Trade License from the local Municipal authority. Obtain GSTIN for the tax submission. As you are going to produce the food item, the compliance with the PFA Act is mandatory. Apply for the FSSAI registration and BIS certification to use the ISI Mark on your product.


Location for Business


A production unit must have specific spaces for storage, production, packaging and official work. Also, it needs some wide space nearby the front gate for loading and unloading purpose. 

The size of the unit mainly depends on the production capacity. Generally, you can operate a small-scale biscuit making unit with a 1500 Square Feet of an area. Check the availability of electricity, water supply and transport facility nearby the unit location.




Biscuit and cookie making business is rather flexible, as far as expenses is concerned. You can start the biscuit making business with a small startup capital investment. You can purchase an automated biscuit making machine. The cost of each unit is around 6 lakhs. Apart from the actual manufacturing process, you need to set aside around Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 3,000 for packaging and marketing.


Raw Materials


The main raw material for biscuit making is wheat flour and other required raw material is sugar, salt, milk powder, ghee, yeast, essence, and edible colors. 

The quality and taste of your food product depend on the raw material you use in the baking of food products.


So make sure that the raw material you are purchasing is of good quality and in reasonable price. 

As we know the packaging is an important factor in biscuit industry consumers are attracted toward the designer packaging so you need some packaging material.


Machinery's for Biscuit Making


A small-scale unit better runs as semi-automatic. Also, the specific machinery requirement depends on the production process and output capacity. Here, you can find a list of basic machinery that you need for biscuit making business.


Automatic continuous Roller cutting machine, Flour Shifter automatic screw type vibrator system with an automatic lifting system, Sugar Grinding Machine, Roll Sheeter, Double action horizontal mixing machine, Cooling conveyor, Oil spraying machine for salted biscuit, Turntable working between oven and conveyor fitted with motor and starters, Extra Brass roller for rotary cutting machine Et roller cutting machine, Syrup Machine with one motor Et starters, Biscuit Grinder with motor, Working table with S.S./Aluminium top, Weighing Balance platform type.


Biscuit Making Process


The biscuit and cookies making process are very simple


  1. Mixing


In an initial state of biscuit making, an ingredient like flour, fat, sugar and extra, are mixed with the help of Dough Mixer. 


Mixing time of the ingredient is around 10 to 15 minutes.


  1. Moulding


Once the mixture is ready it is passed through Moulder to give a variety of shape and size.


The working speed of molder is depended on the variety of biscuit.


  1. Baking


The moulded biscuits are put into the Oven at the required temperature for the baking purpose. 


  1. Cooling


After baking the biscuits are passed through the Cooling Conveyor. In conveyor, the temperature is brought down to the room temperature which will help to sudden cooling of the baked biscuits. And sudden cooling helps to maintain the texture of the biscuit.


  1. Packaging


After cooling, the biscuits are ready to transport. 

3iscuits are packed into the pouch or carton boxes with user-friendly information printed on it. 




Quality control and GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) is the important aspects in the biscuit making factory. You must maintain the BIS specifications. Also, testing the product before packaging ensures the quality of the biscuit. All personnel who visit a factory must be aware of the hygiene needs of a food factory.


Promote your Products


Promotion is an important stage in every business. As you are new in biscuit making business you need to promote your brand with some strategies, introduce your brand by a run campaign.


First of all, promote your business both offline and online. Word of mouth is the best option. Tell everyone you know (relatives, friends, neighbours) about your new venture


Make your business available at the local online classifieds. Promote new items on social media. Create a website of your own. Even you can establish a small online store. Additionally, there is a lot of option for taking online payments from your clients. 


Create promoting material and distribute it through the local media support.


A biscuit and cookies making business are easy to start. However, you must have the true passion and dedication to get the long-term success in biscuit business.